# Details of Syllabus

The four - year course is divided into eight (8) semesters. Students are expected to complete a minimum of 140 credit hours to be eligible for graduation. However, students are not allowed to take more than 21 credit hours in a semester.

Below are the details of the course content.

**FIRST YEAR COURSES**

**EE 151 APPLIED ELECTRICITY (2 2 3) **

Network Theorems: Kirchoff’s Laws, superposition, Thevenin’s, Norton’s and Reciprocity theorems, Delta-star and star-delta transformations.

Alternating Voltage and Current: Average and r.m.s values, harmonics, phasor representation of sinusoidal quantities, addition and substraction of sinusoidal quantities.

A.C. Circuits: Active, reactive and apparent power, power factor, reactive and active loads and sources, solving single phase circuits using j operator and the concept of apparent power, solving 3-phase balanced and unbalanced l;oads.

Magnetic Circuits: Magnetomotive force, magnetic fields strength, permeability of free space, relative permeability, B-H curves of materials, solving magnetic circuits.

**EE 152 BASIC ELECTRONICS (2 2 3)**

Nature of atom, the vacuum valves, (diode, triode, tetrode pentode) Basic concepts of semiconductors charge carriers, effective mass, mobility, conductivity, life time and recombination, continuity equations, flow-equations, Hall effects, PN junctions, choke; rectification and filteration. Bipolar transistors, its characteristics, CB, CC, CE configurations the transistor and a switiching devices (ac - dc load lines) Small signal amplifiers.

**EE 153 ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (0 4 2)**

General

Familiarisation tour of laboratories in the Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, equipment identification in the laboratories.

Electronic/Autotronic

Identification of electronic components, PCB making, soldering, automobile checklists

Electrical

Identification of electrical machines and parts, identification of power cables, electrical wiring: types of switches, wires, lights, fans, heaters, fridges, air conditioners

Computer

Autocad, PCB making software, familiarisation with computer hardware components

**EE 156 ELECTRICAL ENG. DRAWING (1 6 3)**

Electrical and Electronic symbols; Wiring, connection or breadboarded diagrams; schematic diagrams; printed circuit diagrams; electrical power diagrams.

**EE162 ELECTROMECHANICAL ENERGY CONVERSION & TRANSFORMERS (3 0 3)**

Principles of Electromechanical Energy Conversion:

Force and Torque as rate of change of energy with position. Basic Transducers: Single Excitation, Alignment Force and Torque; Double Excitation, Alignment and Interaction Forces and Torque.

Transformers:

Construction. Basic Theory. Phasor Diagram. Equivalent Circuits. No-load and Short-Circuit Tests. Voltage Regulation. Efficiency. Cooling Methods. Polarity. Polyphase Transformer Connections. Per-Unit Calculation. Parallel Operation of Transformers Auto Transformers. Tap-Changing Transformers. Instrument Transformers.

**COE 158 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY(IT) (1 2 2)**

Introduction to computers: components of a PC and their functions, memory and storage devices; introduction to operating systems (windows, UNIX, etc); introduction to computer networks; internet and electronic mail; introduction to number systems and codes; data representation: integer and floating poit numerals; introduction to computer programming: visual basic.

**MATH 151 MATHEMATICS I (4 0 4)**

Algebra:

The set R of real numbers, Relation of order in R, Principle of Mathematical Induction, Complex numbers; Analysis: Functions: Odd, Even and Periodic functions Hyperbola functions and their graphs; Co-ordinate geometry: Conic sections in rectangular co-ordinates, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola; Parametric equations: Plane polar co-ordinates, polar curves;

Differentiation:

Rolle’s theorem and the mean-value theorems, Taylor’s theorem, Repeated Differentiation, Applications for Differentiation, Indeterminate form; Vector algebra and its application.

**MATH 152 MATHEMATICS II (4 0 4)**

Algebra:

Matrix Algebra: Determinants and their properties, Applications to systems of linear equations, Homogeneous systems, Eigen values and Eigen vectors;

Analysis:

Series: Convergence of series of real numbers, Tests of convergence,Series of functions and power series convergence of power series;

Integration: The Definite Integral; Definition: The Riemann Sum; Techniques of integration including advanced methods of substitution, partial fractions, by parts and reduction formulae, Applications; Improper Integrals; Convergence; Partial Differentiation, total derivations.

**ME 159 TECHNICAL DRAWING (1 3 2)**

Geometrical construction; Orthographic projection and other projections; Descriptive geometry, intersections and development.

**ME 161 BASIC MECHANICS (3 1 3)**

Introductory concepts of engineering mechanics involving basic principles in statics and dynamics with simple applications, Simple machines and conservation laws.

**CE 155 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (2 0 2)**

Humans and Nature. Introductory ecology. Electromagnetic Spectrum. Ozone and global warming. Natural resources. Population. Concepts of environmental: Noise, air, land and water pollution. Impact of engineering projects on the environment and control measures. Environmental Laws and regulations in Ghana.

**ENGL 157 COMMUNICATION SKILLS I (2 0 2)**

The study of parts of speech – the noun, verb, pronoun, adjective, adverb, and so forth. The use of articles, the study of sentence ultimately leading to paragraph writing.

**ENGL 158 COMMUNICATION SKILLS II (2 0 2)**

Communication process, skills in communication, channels of communication in an organization, preparation of official documents such as letters, memos, reports, minutes and proposals. Oral presentation skills. Formal speech making. Conducting interviews and meetings.

**SECOND YEAR COURSES**

**EE 261 ASYNCHRONOUS & DC MACHINES (3 0 3)**

Armature Winding, Emf and Mmf Developed:

Commutator Windings. A.C. Windings. Winding Factors. Emfs Produced by Armature Windings. Mmfs Produced By Armature Windings.

D.C. Machines:

Basic Theory. Construction. Emf. And Torque Equations. Steady State characteristics of Shunt, Series and Compound Machines. Efficiency. Starters and their Industrial control circuits.

Polyphase Induction Machines:

Basic Theory. Construction. Phasor Diagrams. Equivalent circuits. Circle Diagram. Testing And Efficiency. Torque equations. Power factor correction. Starting methods and their industrial control circuits. High torque cage motors. Induction Generator.

**EE 262 SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES (3 0 3)**

Basic Theory. Construction Phasor Diagram and Equivalent Circuit of Non-Salient_pole Machine. Machine characteristics. Two Axis Theory. Phasor Diagram of salient-Pole Machine. Assessment of Reactance. Determination of Voltage Regulation. Parallel operation: Synchronizing, effects of changing excitation and Mechanical Torque, Load sharing of two machines, Hunting, performance equations, Circle Diagrams. V-Curve of Synchronous Motor. Starting of Synchronous Motor and its industrial control circuit. Synchronous induction Motor. Single-phase synchronous generator.

**EE 271 SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES (2 0 2)**

PN Junction: Junction diodes and their static and dynamic properties at high frequencies, switching.

Metal-Semiconductor junctions: Energy band diagram of the Schottky barrier, MIS Schottky diode, ohmic contact, applications of Schottky-Barrier diodes, heterojunctions. Solar Cell and light-emitting diode: optical absorption in a Semiconductor, Photovoltaic effect, Schottky-barrier and MIS solar cells, LEDs, eye snsitivity and brightness, Quantum efficiency.

MOS Devices: MOS capacitor, MOS transistor (DC characteristics, depletion - MOST and JFET). Polysilicon gate technology, Metal gate technology, comparison. Control of threshold voltage through iron implantation. Frequency and small signal properties of MOST, special MOS devices (CMOS, VMOS, DMOS, CCD). Examples of CCD in electro-optical applications and signal processing.

Bipolar Junction Devices: The BJT transistor action, Ebers-Molls model, Hybrid-pi and h equivalent circuit, the BJT as a switch, breakdown voltages, lateral PNP transistor, PNPN devices, Noise source in BJT.

**EE 272 DIGITAL SYSTEMS (3 0 3)**

Digital Devices and Circuits: Logic gates based on the MOS transistor: Switching times of basic inverters in NMOS and CMOS, logic gates, transmission gates, dynamic circuits. Logic gates based on the Bipolar Junction Transistor: Switching times of the basic inverter, logic gates of TTL, ECL and I2L types.

Latches, flip-flops of types D, SR, JK and master slave, NMOS, CMOS, and I2L implementations.

Regernerative circuits: Schmitt, uni-stable multivibratiors.

Logic Theory: Logical operations, Boolean algebra, combinations and their various realizations. Minimization techniques. Various codes. Synchronous and asynchronous sequential logic, state assignment and minimization finite state machines.

Reliability, fault diagnosis and threshold logic. Limitations of sequential circuits. Design examples of Digital Systems.

**TE 262 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS (2 0 2)**

Electrostatics and electromagnetism: the electric fields, conductors, insulators, capacitance, the magnetic field in free space, magnetic effects of iron. Calculation of inductance, field plotting, electromagnetic induction Maxwell’s equations differential plus integral form. Electromagnetic waves theory: EM waves in a homogeneous medium uniform plane wave propagation, conductors, dielectric, skin effect reflection, reflection of plane waves. Poynting Vector

**EE 287 CIRCUIT THEORY (2 0 2)**

Review and application of Network theorems to AC Networks:

Superposition, substitution, Thevenin, Duality; Norton; Reciprocity.

Network Topology:

Graph or network: Trees; Node voltages and current equation. Use of nodal voltage method and mesh current method in network analysis.

Two prot Networks: Relationship between terminal quantities; choice of parameters; network models; interconnection of networks; validity tests. Application of interconnection rules; Loaded two ports; Reciprocity and symmetry.

Multiport Networks : Network equations; effect of dependent and independent internal sources.

n-terminal networks. The indefinite admittance matrix; connection of a terminal to earth; connection of two terminals together; suppression of terminal; connection of networks in parallel.

Two port devices: Impedance converter, Generalized impedance converter, Negative impedance converter, impedance inverter, the Gyrator.

**EE 288 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT & INSTRUMENTATION (3 0 3)**

Operational principles and dynamic analysis of measuring instruments: moving coil instruments, moving iron instruments. Electrostatic, electrodynamics, industrial instruments. Instrument Transformers. Measurement of current, voltage, power energy, phase, power factor, frequency.

Measurement of resistance, capacitance and inductance, bridge methods; resonance methods, sensors, and transducers. Methods of measuring non-electric quantities: heat, light, sound, pressure, strain. stress. mechanical displacement, flow, liquid level, humidity, speed, velocity and time. The C.R.O. and its application. Electronic measuring instruments such as logic analysers, spectrum analysers and computer controlled automatic measuring instruments. SCADA systems and remote metering .

**EE 291 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LAB. I (0 5 1)**

Laboratory work in the following areas Transducers, single-phase and polyphase transformers, measuring instruments, characteristics of semiconductor devices and amplifiers design and construction. At least 6 experiments to be performed.

**EE 292 ELECTRICAL ENG. LAB. II (0 9 2)**

Laboratory work related to the following:

EE 262, EE 271, EE 278, EE 288. At least 3 assignments to be performed.

**MATH 251 MATHEMATICS III (4 0 4)**

Analysis III: (Pre-requisites:- Algebra I and II, Analysis II) Differentiation under the integral sign; Multiple integrals; line; surface; volume integrals; Triple scale and vector products; differentiation of vectors; Vector fields; Differential equations: (Pre-requisites: Analysis II) Ordinary Differential equations; First order differential equations; Second order linear differential equations; Systems of linear equations with constant coefficients; Laplace transforms.

**MATH 252 MATHEMATICS IV (4 0 4)**

Analysis IV: (Pre-requisites : - Algebra I and II, Analysis II) Differentiation of implicit functions; Extrema; Gamma and beta functions; Functions of complex variables; Conformal mapping; Contour integration; Differential equations II: (Pre-requisites:- Differential equations I) Solutions in series Fourier series; Classification of second order linear partial differential equations and reduction to canonical forms; Solutions of simple boundary problems by separation of variables.

**COE 251 C Programming (2 3 3)**

Introduction: About C, C and unix, Dialects of C, Common C, ANSI C; Using C with UNIX: writing the program, compiling the program, the C compiler (cc), Make, a Program Builer, Improved Type Checking Using Lint, Running the Program, Constant and Variable Types: Global Variables, External Variables, Static Variables; Constants and Arrays, Expressions and Operators: Assignment Statement, Arithemtic Operators, Type Conversion, Comparison, Logical Connectors, Control Statements: The if else Statement, The switch Statement, Loops, The Standard Input Output File, Character Input/Output, Formatted Input/Output; Handling Files in C. Structures in C, The C Preprocessor, Programs with Several Files, UNIX Library Functions, Precedence of C Operators, Special Characters, Formatted Input and Output Function Types

**ENGL 263 LITERATURE IN ENGLISH I (1 0 1)**

Literature as Poetry: What is a poem, and its characteristics? Difference between a poem and a song. The figure of speech and the literary device. Practical appreciation. Literature as Drama: What is a play, and its characteristics? Drama as Theatre. Shakespeare. The modern Play.

Texts to be studied: Selected African and English poems. One Shatespeare play and one Modern African play.

**ENGL 264 LITERATURE IN ENGLISH II (1 0 1)**

See detailed description for first semester segment ENGL 263.

**FREN 181 FRENCH FOR COMMUNICATION I (2 0 2)**

This course is aimed at equipping students with basic French communication skills. The course is specially tailored for students from various departments who have little or no knowledge in French. French techniques of expression, drawn from short dialogues, are exploited to help students have the ability to communicate freely. Attention will be paid to the correct intonation and pronunciation.

**FREN 182 FRENCH FOR COMMUNICATION PURPOSES II (2 0 2)**

This course is aimed at helping students to grasp basic French vocabulary to be able to function in everyday situation. Spoken French and oral comprehension are emphasized. This will be supplemented with exercises aimed at giving students ample opportunity to maximize their use of the language. The communicative approach is used to enable students express themselves in different situations.

**ECON 151 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS I (2 0 2)**

The nature and scope of economics. Consumer choice. Determination of prices. Different market conditions. Production theory, and theory of distribution.

**ECON 152 INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS II (2 0 2)**

A survey of national income – its measurement and determinants. Fluctuations in economic activity and trends in Ghana’s national income. Index number. International trade and national economy, role of government.

**THIRD YEAR COURSES**

**EE 360 HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING (3 0 3)**

Properties of high voltage insulation and breakdown phenomena in materials and air with different types of electrodes.

Transients: lightning phenomena, surges in transmission lines due to lightning and switching.

Protection of equipment/appliances against such transients.

Transformers: Harmonica, unbalanced loading, 3-winding HV transformers, impulse testing.

High voltage test equipment including impulse generators, a.c. and d.c. HV test sets and portable insulation test sets used in industries for oil and other insulation testing. Destructive and non-destructive testing including partial discharge techniques.

Applications of HV techniques in bio-medical engineering. **EE 362 SUBSTATION & TRANSMISSION LINES DESIGN (3 0 3)**

Overhead Line: Mechanical design: determination of right of way, tower/pole spotting, wood pole steel-tower configuration. Sag, tension, equivalent span, vibrations due to wind loading. Electrical Design: Voltage selection, line power ratings, selection and arrangement of ground wires.

Determination of line clearances, spacing and tower footing resistance, use of arching rings. Size, number and spacing of insulators, Performance characteristic.

Insulators: types of insulators, flashover characteristics of insulators, electric stress, Corona and Corona loss. Cables: Types and construction, Electrical stress, thermal characteristics, charging currents, sheath currents, cost factors compared to over-head lines.

Cable fault localization. System Earthing: Principles of system earthing, component earthing, substation earthing, earthing schemes, sizing and time rating of rating of neutral devices, determination of earth resistance.

Substations: Elements of a substation, substation layout and operation, busbar and switching arrangements, location, appearance and surroundings, voltage regulation equipment, determination of ratings and use of application curves, area load density and load diversity. Economic view point.

**EE 365 ELECTRICAL SERVICES DESIGN (1 6 2)**

Illumination Design.

Nature of light; sensitivity of the eye; common terms used in lighting design; laws of illumination; polar curves; lighting schemes; lighting sources; filament lamps,

electric discharge lamps and are lamps; effect of voltage variation; starters; efficiency and costs;

Lighting installation; interior lighting design, floodlighting design and street lighting design. Electrical Drawing For Architectural Plans: Commonly used electrical and electronic symbols; number of lamps in one circuit and number of lamps controlled by one switch; one and multi-position control of lamps; lamps, their switching and circuit connections; radial and ring circuit connection of socket-outlets; bathroom requirements for socket-outlets, and lamps switches and lamps; lighting arresters; telephone installations.

Introduction to computer graphics and design applications. E.g. autocad etc

**EE 366 POWER ELECTRONICS (3 0 3)**

Thyristors and Power Transistors. A.C. Line-Commutated Converters: rectification, Inversion, Commutation, A.C. Characteristics, Cycloconverter. A.C. and D.C. Chopper: Forced Commutation. Bridge, Parallel and Series Inverters.

**EE 367 POWER GENERATION & SUPPLY (3 0 3)**

Energy Sources: Location and characteristics of fossil and nuclear fuel. Fuel processing and environmental and safety limitations. Thermal Power Plant: (a) Basic thermodynamic cycles. Principles of energy conversion using steam. Brief description performance and efficiency of steam turbines, internal-combustion power plant, gas turbine. (b) Nuclear power plant: schematics of nuclear power plant; brief treatment of fission and fusion reaction and expected yield. Hydro Power Plants: Principles of energy conversion using water. Criteria for siting of plant. Elements of hydroelectric plant, types of hydraulic turbines, performance and efficiency characteristics; Technical description of hydro power schemes in Ghana. Brief treatment of pumped storage schemes. Economics of Power Generation: Capital plant cost, operational/production costs. Determination of unit cost of energy generated. Incremental cost curves. Optimal active power dispatch using equal incremental cost techniques for lossless and lossy networks. Single Line Diagram: Circuit arrangements of arrangements of transmission and distribution systems. Elements and layout of generating stations. Normal power system voltage and line ratings. Comparison of d.c. 1-ph and 3-ph a.c. transmission circuits. Per Unit Notation: Reduction of system values of power systems to per unit with reference to base values. On line and impedance diagrams.

Transmission Lines parameters, generalised line parameters (A B C D) short, medium and long lines equations, natural load. Losses of transmission lines. Computer based solutions to problems to be encouraged.

**EE 368 POWER SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (3 0 3)**

Load Flow Analysis: Formation of a.c. load flow equations.

Gauss-Seidel iterative method of solution. Cartesian and polar forms of load flow equations, formation of the jacobian matrix and solution using the Newton-Raphson method. Digital computer study of load flow.

Fault Analysis: Causes of faults, types of faults, 3-phase symmetrical fault calculations, unsymmetrical shunt and series fault calculations. Simultaneous faults. Applications to digital computation. Operation and Control: Characteristics of governors and their operation, speed changer settings, load-sensitive components of a power station, load-frequency characteristics, Exciter characteristics, block diagram representation of voltage control systems, voltage and reactive power control. Stability: Equal area criterion and solution of differential equations.

**EE 371 LINEAR ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS (2 2 3)**

Device fabrication technology, Small signal transistor models, basic amplifier structures (CC, CB, CE). Design of BT amplifiers.

FET amplifiers, Bias stability of transistor amplifiers. Frequency response of wide-band and narrow-band amplifiers. Large signal (power) amplifiers (class A, B, AB, C etc). Differential amplifiers and current sources. The ideal Op-Amp, the practical Op-Amps, Op-Amp selection, application to instrumentation and telecommunication. Feedback and stability. Quasi-linear circuits: Feedback

limiters, comparators, Schmitt Triggers. Analog Multipliers And modulators. Voltage Regulators, application to power supplies. Phase-Locked-Loop (PLL) circuits. IC oscillators and timers: IC oscillators and timer circuits, frequency-to-voltage, voltage-to-frequency converters.

**TE 271 ANALOG COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (2 0 2)**

The EM Spectrum impact of visible light/infrared, X-Rays, etc. on industry, agriculture, health, etc. Carrier transmission. Spectrum translation, SSB, DSB. FUSB Continuous amplitude modulation (AM) and Angle modulation (FM, PM). Comparison of modulation techniques, Power calculations of transmitting power required for reliable communications (AM systems). Pulse-modulation techniques.(PAM,PCM). Sampling theorem.

**TE 386 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (3 0 3) **

Signal sources and types. Random signals and noise: Power spectral density and autocorrelation. The Gaussian Processes. Discrimination between finite number of possible signals. The optimal receiver of known signals embedded in additive white Gaussian noise. The correlation receiver, matched filter and the associated probability of error. Modulation methods: ASK, PSK, FSK, MSK. Applications to PCM and radar. Efficient signal design for binary communication. Detection of signals with unknown phase.

**TE 384 SWITCHING ENGINEERING IN COMMUNICATION (3 0 3)**

Definitions and basic concepts. SDL. The structure of switching centers. Selectors and crosspoint matrices, blocking and non-blocking networks. Control systems in switching centers. Principles of traffic queing theorems for circuit switching centers. Time division switching centers. A model of an electronic exchange.

**EE 380 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (3 0 3)**

Sampled Data Control Systems Laplace transform of sampled signals.

Sampling theorem, relation between S-plane and Z-plane. General relation between signals and pole location, inversion of Z transforms. Discrete transfer function, discrete compensaters, discrete PID control, people placement and deadbeat control.

Design in the z and w domains. Polynomial design. Analog approximation. Analysis of computational delays. Realization of digital controllers. Finite word-length effects.

**EE 387 CLASSICAL CONTROL SYSTEM (2 0 2)**

Laplace transforms, mathematical modelling of physical processes. Transfer functions, signal flow diagrams, block diagram manipulation. Step, impulse and frequency response of linear systems. Bode Plots, Nyquist Plots, Root locus, Nichol’s chart and application to design of compensators.

Feedback, feedforward and tacho feedback compensation. PID control, identification of linear systems, stability of linear systems.

**EE 392 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LAB III (0 9 2)**

Laboratory work related to EE 367, EE 375, EE 371, EE 381, EE 387, EE 366, EE 368, EE 376.

At least 3 assignments to be performed.

**MATH 351 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (2 0 2)**

Methods Of Solving Systems Of Linear Equations

Direct Methods: Gaussian Elimination with/without pivoting, Factorization Methods (LU Decomposition with/without pivoting, Choleski Method)

Iterative Methods: Jacobi Method, Gauss Seidel Method and Successive-Over Relaxation Method

Methods Of Solving Systems Of Non-Linear Equations: Newton’s Method, Generalized Newton’s Method and Continuation Method

Methods of finding Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors:Characteristic Equation Approach, Power Method, Inverse Power Method and Gerchgorim’s Circle Method

Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal Method, Simpson’s Method and Gaussian Quadrature

Interpolation Methods: Lagrange Approximation, Error Terms and Bounds, Newton Polynomials, Polynomial Approximation, Nodes and Centres; Forward, Backward and Divided Differences.

Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Finite Difference Methods, Single-Step Methods, Multi-Step Methods and Predictor Corrector Methods

**MATH 353 STATISTICS 1 (2 0 2)**

Introduction to Probability Theory: Random Experiments, Definition of terms and notations and determination of Measure of Probability. Basic Laws/Rules of Probabilty including Compound Events, Computation of Probabilities involving Simple Events, Application to Counting Techniques and Decision Problems

Random Variables and Probability Distribution: Concept of random variables, Properties of Probability distributions, Cumulative Distribution Functions and Sketching of Distribution Functions. Expected Value, Median and Variance of Random Variable and their Applications to Decision Problems

Moments and Moment Generating Functions: Definition of Moments about the Origin and the Mean and their uses; Definition, properties and Uses of Moment Generating Functions

Some Special Probability Theorems: The Central Limit Theorem, Empirical Rule, Chebyshev’s Inequality and the (Weak) Law of large Numbers; Applications of the Theorems.

Properties and Applications of some Special Probability Theorems:

Discrete Distributions: independent Bernoulli’s Trials and related probability distributions such as Bernoulli, Binomial, Geometric and negative Binomial. The Poisson, Hypergeometric and Multinomial Distributions; Relationships existing between some of the distributions, Proof of properties of the distributions

Continuous Distributions: Uniform, Exponential, Normal, Gamma, Chi-Square and Beta Distributions; Use of the Normal Distribution Table, Normal Approximation to Binomial and Poisson Distributions; Proof of properties of the distributions

Joint Probabilty Distributions: Definitions and properties of the distributions, Marginal and Conditional Distributions, Independent Random Variables, Covariance and Correlation Coefficient of Random Variables; Distribution of Linear Combination of Random Variables. Transformation of Random Variables and their Probability Distributions; Moment Generating Functions of Bivariate Random Variables.

**COE 381 MICROPROCESSORS (2 2 3)**

Microprocessor system: Basic concept and terminology, input, output, interface, memories. Architecture: ALU, registers, program counters etc. Hardware: System bus structure, data, address and control bus. Microprocessor interfacing. Types of microprocessors, 4 bit, 8 bit and 16 bit. Families (Intel, Motorola and Zilog). Assembler language programming; development aid, application development. Application of microprocessor in PLC.

**COE 382 DIGITAL COMPUTER DESIGN (3 0 3)**

Review of standard combinational modules (e.g. decoders, encoders, multiplexers, de-multiplexers); standard arithmetic modules (e.g. adders, multipliers); standard sequential modules (e.g. registers, counters).

Levels of implementation of a digital system, hierarchical implementation; computer-aided design (CAD) tools; description of digital systems for design purposes; synthesis and optimization for verification.

Hardware description language (VHDL will be used); fundamentals of register transfer logic (RTL) system design; design of the digital computer as an RTL system (using VHDL).

**TE 372 ANTENNAS & PROPAGATION II (2 0 2)**

VHF & UHF antennas. Parabolic reflectors. Special application antennas for microwave transmission: Terrestrial, satellite, HAP, mobile broadcast, etc. Analytical and numerical methods of analysis and design of wire antennas. (Use of Fortran for analysis). Propagation characteristics of these antenna systems.

**FOURTH YEAR COURSES**

**EE 461 ELECTRICAL MACHINES IV (3 0 3)**

Commutator Machines: Commutator Action. Armature reaction.

Compensating Windings, Communication Process, Interpole, Cross field Machine: Operating Principle, Compensated Cross-field Machine, steady state characteristics. Generalized Machine Theory: Circuit Model of Machines. Convention. Primitive Machine: Circuit Equations, Torque Equations. Transformation. Invariance of Power, Active Transformation, Passive Transformation. Transformation of Synchronous, D.C., Cross-field And Induction Machines To Primitive Machines. Transient Analysis of D.C. And Induction Machines.

**EE 462 ELECTRIC DRIVES (3 0 3)**

Drive Systems Mechanics, Equation of Motion. Transient.

Electrical Braking of D.C. and A.C. Motors. Speed Control, Variable Speed D.C. And A.C. Drives. Analysis of Heating And Cooling of Electrical Machines. Application Aspects, Motor Selection. **EE 463 SPECIAL ELECTRICAL MACHINES (3 0 3) **

Single-phase Induction Motors. Single-phase series Motor. Hysteresis, Motor, Single-phase Reluctance Motor. Synchros. Two-phase servomotors. D.C. Servo Motors (Conventional And Brushless). A.C. And D.C. Tachogenerators. Stepper Motors. Resolves.

**EE 466 POWER SYSTEMS PLANNING & OPTIMIZATION (3 0 3)**

Brief review of optimization theory including constrained and unconstrained minimization, linear programming and dynamic programming. Application. Application to the power dispatch problem, generation planning and, transmission planning. Load forecasting techniques. Use of capacity outage tables.

Generation, Transmission and Distribution system expansion; maintenance planning and scheduling.

Industrial power system planning and layout to include power panel arrangements and specifications. Energy conservation in buildings.

**EE 467 POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL (3 0 3) **

The controllability of electric power systems. The influence of controllability and the possible solution of the control problem. Control of equilibrium points. Static optimization. Frequency and load control. Voltage and reactive power control. Hierarchical control in power systems. The effect of voltage regulators on rotor angle damping. The role of the human operator. Optimal control of power systems.

**EE 468 POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION (3 0 3)**

Switchgear: Arc phenomena, arc control, D.C. and A.C. interruption, recovery, voltage, transients, types of circuit-breakers, applications and limitations, rating and testing.Protection:Current and voltage transformers, principles of relaying. Electromagnetic relays and solid state electronic equipments. Pilot circuits. Applications to over current, differential and distance (impedance) relaying. Characteristics of fuses, selection and application of fuses. Brief description of reclosers and their applications. Brief treatment of protection devices coordination using time-current characteristics. Principles of surge protection: lighting arrestors. Arching rings; arrangement of protection devices, selection of arresters, rating and coordination with apparatus insulation.L.V. protection equipment and systems including methods of motor overload and short circuit protection. Special protection measures in the design of power electronic interface equipment. Protection of building electrical services. Use of MCBS and fuses, extended to protection of appliances. Advances towards computer based monitoring and protection of industrial and utility protection systems.

**EE 469 ELECTRICAL HEATING AND COOLING (3 0 3)**

Types of electric heating equipment. Heating element design and estimation of heat data and thermal efficiency. Resistance ovens and methods of temperature control. Special types of resistance furnaces. Dielectric heating; choice of frequency and applications of dielectric heating. Are furnaces, power supply and control. Electric welding; types of welding and welding equipment. Operation of common types of welding plant. Refrigeration and air-conditioning, principles of operation and power requirements. Domestic, commercial and industrial types. Sizing of air conditioners for rooms. Equipment and device cooling methods.

**EE 472 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (DSP) (3 0 3)**

Introduction:

Basic concepts and terminology in DSP, comparison between analog and digital signal processing.Tools and techniques for DSP:

Description of discrete signals and systems in time domain, Description of discrete signals and systems in frequency domain, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and inverse transform properties, Circuit convolution and its relation to DFT, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT): Properties

Filters:

Filter Realization; Methods for the realization of a transfer function. Filters with finite impulse response and linear phase. Filter Design of Infinite Impulse response (IIR) digital filters from analog filters, Computer-Aided design of IIR digital filters. Properties of FIR filters, Design of FIR filters using windows, computer-Aided design of FIR filters. Comparison if 11R and FIR digital filters.Statistics Methods for Filtering Principles; Randon sequences, auto correlation function, power spectrum.Quadratic Optimization:

Introduction to Kalman filter, Wiener filter adaptive algorithms. Signal detection in noisy environment. Mini computers, Microprocessors, Programmable Signal procsessors, Matrix processors, special Ics, Spectrum Analyzers, AD/DA converters.

Areas of Application of DSP.

Image and voice processing, Telecommunications, Industrial Control, Radar and Sonar, Biomedical Analysis.

**EE 482 SYSTEM PROGRAMMING (3 0 3)**

Programming and organization of a computer, its model: representation of members, letters and instructions: translation from the problem into the machine language. Assembler language: Instructions and pseudo-instructions, structure of program, symbols, loops and subroutines. Recursion and re-entrant. Assembler structure: One and two-pass assemblers. Loader: relocation, linkage, internal and external symbols. Macros: Their definition and use. Introduction to operation system: CPU status, interrupt systems, I/O programs, multiprogramming and multiprocessing.

**EE 487 PRINCIPLES OF LINEAR SYSTEMS (3 0 3)**

Phase plane analysis, Describing functions, stability of nonlinear systems. Lyapunov stability theorem, the inverted pendulum, bang-bang control systems, La-salle asymptotic stability theorem, variable structure controllers, model reference controllers, adaptive systems.

Stochastic processes, prediction of ARMX systems, spectral factorisation, wiener-Hops theorem, dynamics programming Eulere-lagrange equations, Bellman’s equations, Riccatti equation, LQG control, I alman filters and optimal estimation.

**EE 497 PROJECT I (0 6 3)**

Supervised research project by individual student in partial fulfillment of the requirement for graduation.

**EE 498 PROJECT II (0 10 5) **

Supervised research project by individual student in partial fulfilment of the requirement for graduation.

**ME 491 INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT (3,0,3)**

Introduction to management (Definition and introduction to the main functions of management); Engineering economy; accounting and cost accounting; Project management.

**ME 492 ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT (2 0 2)**

Entrepreneurship and free enterprise.Business planning. Product and service concepts for new ventures. Marketing and new venture development. Organising and financing new ventures. Current trend (Internet commerce, e-commerce). Business Law/Law of contract. Mini-project in business plan development for self employment.

**TE 481 WIRELESS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORKS (3 0 3)**

Fundamentals of wireless communications. Radio-based systems: Toposcatter systems, microwave radio, Analog and Digital Radio Relays satellite communications. Light-based sytems: Dynamics of laser transmission, licencing requirements, bandwidth capacities, applications, fiber optic systems. Cellular communications: Dynamics of cellular transmission, cellular components, coverage and channels, routing cellular cells. Security concerns with wireless communications. VSATs. Wireless LAN systems.

**TE 472 MOBILE & SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (2 0 2)**

Introduction to wireless communication systems. Cellular concept. System design fundamentals. Mobile radio propagation. Small and large scale modulation techniques for mobile radio. Basic satellite system. Satellite orbits. Frequency and propagation considerations. Communication link design. Multiple Access Techniques. Communication satellites. Earth stations. Digital Terrestrial Transmission. Future trends.

**COE 475 COMPUTER NETWORKING (3 2 4)**

General structure of data network architectures emergency theorem, Topological design, Protocols, Routing, congestions control; communication satelite, local area networks, random access techniques; error detection and correction codes.

**COE 486 INTRODUCTION TO VLSI (3 2 3)**

Technology of MOS integrated circuits. Layout and design rules for MOS circuits. Principles of VLSI design. Two phase clocking. Layout of random logic. Structured layout, PLA, computer aided design for VLSI, simulation, automatic layout. MOS memories, Technology of bipolar integrated circuit, A to D and D to A converters. Trends in VLSI engineering, custom VLSI, gate arrays.